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Twenty-one Leaves used in Ganesh Puja | 21 Patras for Ganesh Puja

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Ganesh Puja 21 Patras
List of 21 Patra for Ganesha Chaturthi Puja
Shami Patra
Shami Patra
Hindi
खेजड़ी, शमी
English
Prosopis cineraria
Botanical
Prosopis cineraria
Sanskrit
केशदमनी, शङ्कुफला, पापशमनी
Telugu
Jammi
Marathi
शमी
Bhringraj Patra
Bhringraj Patra
Hindi
भंगौरिया, भृंगराज, भंगरैया
English
False daisy, Bhringraj
Botanical
Eclipta prostrata
Sanskrit
भृङ्गराज
Telugu
Guntakalagara
Marathi
माका
Bilva Patra
Bilva Patra
Hindi
बेल
English
Bengal quince,
Stone apple
Botanical
Aegle marmelos
Sanskrit
बिल्व
Telugu
Vilvam
Marathi
बेल
Durva Patra
Durva Patra
Hindi
दूर्वा, दूब
English
Bahama grass,
Couch grass
Botanical
Cynodon dactylon
Sanskrit
दूर्वा
Telugu
Arugampul, Garika
Marathi
दूर्वा
Ber Patra
Ber Patra
Hindi
बेर
English
Indian date, Jujube
Botanical
Ziziphus mauritiana,
Ziziphus jujuba
Sanskrit
बदर
Telugu
Regu
Marathi
बोर
Datura Patra
Datura Patra
Hindi
धतूरा
English
Thorn apple, Downy thorn apple
Botanical
Datura Metel
Sanskrit
धत्तूर
Telugu
Ummetta
Marathi
धोत्रा
Tulasi Patra
Tulasi Patra
Hindi
तुलसी
English
Basil, Holy basil
Botanical
Ocimum sanctum
Sanskrit
तुलसी
Telugu
Tulasi
Marathi
तुळशी, तुळस
Sem Patra
Sem Patra
Hindi
सेम
English
Bonavista bean, Dolichos bean
Botanical
Phaseolus vulgaris
Sanskrit
शिम्बी, अङ्गुलिफला, शिम्बा
Telugu
Chikkudu
Marathi
घेवडा
Apamarga Patra
Apamarga Patra
Hindi
अपामार्ग
English
Prickly chaff flower
Botanical
Achyranthes aspera
Sanskrit
अपामार्ग, अपामार्गसस्यम्, खरमञ्जरी
Telugu
Uttareni
Marathi
अघाडा
Bhatakataiya Patra
Bhatakataiya Patra
Hindi
भटकटैया, कण्टकारी
English
Yellow berried nightshade
Botanical
Solanum virginianum
Sanskrit
अग्निदमनी, अनाक्रान्ता
Telugu
Gurrapu gattaku
Marathi
डोरली
Sindoor Patra
Sindoor Patra
Hindi
सिन्दूर
English
Sindoor
Botanical
Bixa orellana
Sanskrit
सिन्दूर
Telugu
Sindooram
Marathi
हिंगूळ
Tej Patra
Tej Patra
Hindi
तेज पात, तेजपत्ता
English
Indian bay leaf, Tejpat
Botanical
Cinnamomum tamala
Sanskrit
तमालक
Telugu
Talisapatri
Marathi
तमालपत्र
Agastya Patra
Agastya Patra
Hindi
अगस्त्य, हतिया, अगस्ता
English
Hummingbird tree,
Agati
Botanical
Sesbania grandiflora
Sanskrit
अगस्त्य
Telugu
Avisa
Marathi
अगस्ती, अगस्ता
Kaner Patra
Kaner Patra
Hindi
कनेर
English
Indian oleander,
Oleander
Botanical
Nerium indicum
Sanskrit
करवीर
Telugu
Ganneru
Marathi
कणेर, कणेरी
Kadali Patra
Kadali Patra
Hindi
कदली (केला) पत्र
English
Banana
Botanical
Musa acuminata
Sanskrit
कदली
Telugu
Arati
Marathi
केळ
Arka Patra
Arka Patra
Hindi
आक, मुदर
English
Sodom apple,
Dead sea apple
Botanical
Calotropis procera
Sanskrit
अर्क
Telugu
Jilledu
Marathi
अर्क, अर्की
Arjuna Patra
Arjuna Patra
Hindi
अर्जुन वृक्ष, कौहा / कोह
English
White marudah
Botanical
Terminalia arjuna
Sanskrit
अर्जुनवृक्षः, अर्जुन
Telugu
Tella maddi,
Yerra maddi
Marathi
अर्जुन वृक्ष
Devdar Patra
Devdar Patra
Hindi
देवदार
English
Deodar cedar, Himalayan cedar
Botanical
Cedrus deodara
Sanskrit
देवदारु
Telugu
Devadaru
Marathi
देवदार
Marua Patra
Marua Patra
Hindi
मरुआ
English
Marjoram
Botanical
Origanum majorana
Sanskrit
सुरभिपत्त्र
Telugu
Maruvam
Marathi
मरवा
Gandari Patra
Gandari Patra
Hindi
गण्डारि पत्र, कचनार
English
Kachnar, Orchid tree
Botanical
Phanera variegata
Sanskrit
आस्फोत, देवकाञ्चन
Telugu
Devakanchanamu
Marathi
कांचन
Ketaki Patra
Ketaki Patra
Hindi
केतकी
English
Pandanus, Pandan, screw pine
Botanical
Pandanus utilis
Sanskrit
हनील, जम्बुल
Telugu
Gedaga
Marathi
केगद, केवडा
In Hinduism, flowers and leaves are given utmost importance while worshipping Hindu Gods and Goddesses. All Gods and Goddesses have their own favorite list of flowers and leaves.

While worshipping Gods and Goddesses, devotees choose only those flowers and leaves which are favorite of the deity. Some flowers and leaves are prohibited for some of the deities and should not be offered to them.

21 different types of leaves are suggested for Ganesha Chaturthi Puja and popularly known as Patris Puja or Patra Puja. As it is not practical to have all of them during the Puja time, devotees can include some of them in Puja Samagari.

Due to one legend in Ganesha Purana which talks about Tulasi and Lord Ganesha cursing each other, Tulasi leaves are not offered to Lord Ganesha. However as an exception Tulasi leaves are offered to Lord Ganesha during Ganesha Chaturthi Puja which is also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi Puja.

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