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Shiva Puja Vidhi | Shodashopachara Shiva Puja Vidhi

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Shiva Puja Vidhi
Shiva Puja Vidhi
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16 Steps Shiva Puja
Shiva Pujan Vidhi
Lord Shiva is worshipped with all sixteen rituals along with chanting of Puranik Mantras during Shivaratri and other ocassions related to Lord Shiva. Worshipping Gods and Goddesses with all 16 rituals is known as Shodashopachara Puja (षोडशोपचार पूजा).
  1. Dhyanam (ध्यानम्)
    Puja should begin with the meditation of Lord Shiva. Dhyana should be done in front of Shivalinga. Following Mantra should be chanted while meditating on Lord Shiva.
    Shiva Pujan
    Shri Shiva Pujan
    Dhyanam Mantra

    Dhyayennityam Mahesham Rajatagirinimam Charu Chandravatamsam।
    Ratnakalpojjvalanga Parashumrigavarabhitihastam Prasannam॥
    Padmasinam Samantat Stutamamaragnairvyaghra Kritim Vasanam।
    Vishvavadyam Vishvabijam Nikhila-Bhayaharam Panchavaktram Trinetram॥
    Vandhuka Sannibham Devaṃ Trinetram Chandra Shekharam।
    Trishul Dharinam Devaṃ Charuhasam Sunirmalam॥
    Kapal Dharinam Devaṃ Varadabhaya-Hastakam।
    Umaya Sahitam Shambhum Dhyayet Someshwaram Sada॥

  2. Avahanam (आवाहनं)
    Avahanam Samarpayami - After Dhyana of Lord Shiva, one should chant following Mantra in front of the Murti, by showing Avahan Mudra (Avahan Mudra is formed by joining both palms and folding both thumbs inwards).
    Avahanam Mantra

    Agachchha Bhagavandeva Sthane Chatra Sthirobhava।
    Yavatpujam Karishyami Tavattvam Sannidhaubhava॥

  3. Padyam (पाद्यम्)
    Padyam Samarpayami - After Lord Shiva has been invoked, offer Him water to wash the feet while chanting following Mantra.
    Padyam Mantra

    Mahadev Maheshan Mahadev Paratparah।
    Padyam Grihana Machhatam Parvati Sahiteshwarah॥

  4. Arghyam (अर्घ्यम्)
    Arghyam Samarpayami - After Padya offering, offer water to Shri Shiva for head Abhishekam while chanting following Mantra.
    Arghyam Mantra

    Tryambakesha Sadachara Jagadadi-Vidhayakah।
    Arghyam Grihana Devesh Samb Sarvarthadayakah॥

  5. Achamaniyam (आचमनीयम्)
    Achamaniyam Samarpayami - Now offer water to Shri Shiva for Achamana while chanting following Mantra.
    Achamaniyam Mantra

    Tripurantak Dinarti Nashaka Shri Kantha Shashvat।
    Grihanachamaniyam Cha Pavitrodak-Kalpitam॥

  6. Godugdha Snanam (गोदुग्धस्नानम्)
    Godugdha Snanam Samarpayami - Now give a bath with cow milk while chanting following Mantra.
    Godugdha Snanam Mantra

    Madhura Gopayah Punyam Pataputam Puruskritam।
    Snanartham Dev Devesh Grihana Parameshwarah!॥

  7. Dadhi Snanam (दधिस्नानम्)
    Dadhi Snanam Samarpayami - Now give a bath with curd while chanting following Mantra.
    Dadhi Snanam Mantra

    Durlabham Divi Suswadu Dadhi Sarva Priyam Param।
    Pushtidam Parvatinatha! Snanaya Pratigrihyatama॥

  8. Ghrita Snanam (घृत स्नानम्)
    Ghrita Snanam Samarpayami - Now give a bath with Ghee while chanting following Mantra.
    Ghrita Snanam Mantra

    Ghritam Gavyam Shuchi Snigdham Susevyam Pushtimichchhatam।
    Grihana Girijanatha Snanaya Chandrashekharah॥

  9. Madhu Snanam (मधु स्नानम्)
    Madhu Snanam Samarpayami - Now give a bath with honey while chanting following Mantra.
    Madhu Snanam Mantra

    Madhuram Mridumohaghnam Swarabhanga Vinashanam।
    Mahadevedmutsrishdham Tab Snanaya Shankarah॥

  10. Sharkara Snanam (शर्करा स्नानम्)
    Sharkara Snanam Samarpayami - Now give a bath with sugar while chanting following Mantra.
    Sharkara Snanam Mantra

    Tapashantikari Shitamadhuraswada Samyuta।
    Snanartham Dev Devesh! Sharkareyam pradiyate॥

  11. Shuddhodaka Snanam (शुद्धोदक स्नानम्)
    Shuddhodaka Snanam Samarpayami - Now give a bath with fresh water while chanting following Mantra.
    Shuddhodaka Snanam Mantra

    Ganga Godavari Reva Payoshni Yamuna Tatha।
    Saraswatyadi Tirthani Snanartham Pratigrihyatam॥

  12. Vastram (वस्त्रं)
    Vastram Samarpayami - After giving bath with Panchamrita to Lord Shiva offer Him clothes while chanting following Mantra.
    Vastram Mantra

    Sarvabhushadhike Saumye Loka Lajja Nivarane।
    Mayopapadite Deveshwar! Grihyatam Vasasi Shubhe॥

  13. Yagyopavitam (यज्ञोपवीतं)
    Yagyopavitam Samarpayami - After Vastram offering, offer holy thread to Lord Shiva while chanting following Mantra.
    Yagyopavitam Mantra

    Navabhistantubhiryuktam Trigunam Devatamayam।
    Upavitam Chottariyam Grihana Parvati Patih!॥

  14. Gandham (गन्धम्)
    Gandham Samarpayami - After this offer sandalwood paste or powder to Lord Shiva while chanting following Mantra.
    Gandham Mantra

    Shrikhand Chandanam Divyam Gandhadhyam Sumanoharam।
    Vilepanam Sur Shreshthah Chandanam Pratigrihyatama॥

  15. Akshatan (अक्षतान्)
    Akshatan Samarpayami - After Gandham offering, offer Akshat to Lord Shiva while chanting following Mantra. (Seven times washed unbroken rice are known as Akshat).
    Akshatan Mantra

    Akshatashcha SuraShreshthah Shubhra Dhutashcha Nirmala।
    Maya Nivedita Bhaktya Grihana parameshwarah॥

  16. Pushpani (पुष्पाणि)
    Pushpamalam Samarpayami - After this offer flowers and garland to Lord Shiva while chanting following Mantra.
    Pushpani Mantra

    Malyadini Sugandhini Malatyadini Vai Prabhu।
    Mayanitani pushpani Grihana parameshwarah॥

  17. Bilva Patrani (बिल्व पत्राणि)
    Bilva Patrani Samarpayami - After this offer Bilvapatram to Lord Shiva while chanting following Mantra.
    Bilva Patrani Mantra

    Bilvapatram Suvarnen Trishulakara Meva Cha।
    Mayarpitam Mahadev! Bilvapatram Grihaname॥

  18. Dhoopam (धूपम्)
    Dhoopam Aghrapayami - After this offer Agarbatti or Dhoop-batti to Lord Shiva while chanting following Mantra.
    Dhoopam Mantra

    Vanaspati Rasodbhuta Gandhadhyo Gandha Uttamah।
    Aghreyah Sarvadevanam Dhoopoyam Prati Grihyatam॥

  19. Deepam (दीपं)
    Deepam Darshayami - After this offer enlightened earthen lamp of pure Ghee to Lord Shiva while chanting following Mantra.
    Deepam Mantra

    Ajyam Cha Varti Samyuktam vahnina Yojitam Maya। Deepam Grihana Devesh! Trailokyatimirapah॥

  20. Naivedyam (नैवेद्यं)
    Naivedyam Nivedayami - Wash your hands after lamp offering and offer Naivedya. It should include different type of fruits and sweets and offer this to Lord Shiva while chanting following Mantra.
    Naivedyam Mantra

    Sharkaraghrita Samyukta Madhuram Swaduchottamam।
    Upahara Samayuktam Naivedyam Pratigrihyatam॥

  21. Achamaniyam (आचमनीयं)
    Achamaniyam Samarpayami - After offering Naivedya, offer Achamana to Lord Shiva while chanting following Mantra.
    Achamaniyam Mantra

    Eloshira Lavangadi karpura parivasitam।
    Prashanartham Krita Toyam Grihana Girijapatih!॥

  22. Tambulam (ताम्बुलम्)
    Tambula Nivedayami - After this offer betel leaf (Tambula) to Lord Shiva while chanting following Mantra.
    Tambulam Mantra

    Pungi Phalam Mahad Divyam Nagavallidalairyutam।
    Elachurnadi Samyukta Tambulam Pratigrihyatam॥

  23. Dakshinam (दक्षिणां)
    Dakshinam Samarpayami - After offering Tambulam, offer money to Lord Shiva while chanting following Mantra.
    Dakshinam Mantra

    Hiranyagarbha Garbhastham Hemabijam Vibhavasoh।
    Anant Punya Phaladamatah Shantim Prayachchha Me॥

  24. Aarti (आरती)
    Aarartikyam Samarpayami - After offering Dakshina, offer Aarti with lit camphor in Puja Thali to Lord Shiva while chanting following Mantra.
    Aarti Mantra

    Kadali Garbha Sambhutam Karpuram Cha Pradipitam।
    Aarartikyamaham Kurve Pashya Me Varado Bhava॥

  25. Pradakshinam (प्रदक्षिणाम्)
    Pradakshinam Samarpayami - After Aarti, take half Parikrama of Lord Shiva while chanting following Mantra.
    Dhyana Mantra

    Yani Kani Cha Papani Janmantar Kritani Vai।
    Tani Sarwani Nashyantu Pradakshinam Pade Pade॥

  26. Mantra Pushpanjali (मन्त्र पुष्पाञ्जलि)
    Mantra Pushpanjali Samarpayami - After Pradakshina offer incantations and flowers to Lord Shiva while chanting following Mantra.
    Pushpanjali Mantra

    Nana Sugandhapushpaishcha Yatha Kalodbhavairapi।
    Pushpanjali Mayadattam Grihana Maheshwarah॥

  27. Kshama-Prarthana (क्षमा-प्रार्थना)
    After Mantra Pushpanjali offer apologies and ask for forgiveness to Lord Shiva while chanting following Kshama-Prarthana Mantra.
    Kshama Prarthana Mantra

    Avahanam Na Janami Na Janami Tavarchanam।
    Pujam Chaiva Na Janami Kshamasva Maheshwarah॥
    Anyatha Sharanam Nasti Tvameva Sharanam Mam।
    Tasmatkarunayabhavena Rakshasva Parvatinathah॥
    Gatam Papam Gatam Duhkham Gatam Daridrayameva Cha।
    Agata Sukha Sampatih Punyachcha Tava Darshanat॥
    Mantrahinam Kriyahinam Bhaktihinam Sureshwar!।
    Yatpujitam Maya Deva Paripurnam Tadastu Me॥
    Yadaksharapada Bhrashtam Matrahinam Cha Yadbhavet।
    Tat Sarvam Kshamyatam Deva Prasida Nandikandharah॥

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