Notes: All timings are represented in 12-hour notation in local time of Ashburn, United States with DST adjustment (if applicable).
Hours which are past midnight are suffixed with next day date. In Panchang day starts and ends with sunrise.
A penumbral Lunar Eclipse would occur on January 10 and 11, 2020. It will be the first Lunar Eclipse out of the four lunar eclipses in 2020.
Umbral magnitude of this Lunar Eclipse is -0.116 and penumbral magnitude will be 0.896. It cannot be easily distinguished from a usual Full Moon.
As it is penumbral eclipse it would not be considered for any religious activities by Hindus. For eclipse watchers also it would not be a significant event as the moon eclipse would hardly be visible through naked eyes. This penumbral eclipse would not be complete as the penumbral shadow of the earth would cover only 89% of the moon during the maximum of the eclipse.
The penumbral eclipse would be visible from Asia, Africa, Australia, Europe, some north-eastern parts of North America, eastern parts of South America, Indian Ocean and Atlantic Ocean.
None of the eclipse would be visible from most part of South America and United States of America.
Although, the penumbral eclipse would be visible in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Mauritius and Singapore but none of the religious activities which are observed during Lunar eclipse would be followed.
London, Paris, Rome, Madrid, Cairo, Berlin, Moscow, Tokyo, Sydney, Beijing, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Riyadh, Karachi, Jeddah and Johannesburg are some well known cities in the world, where Penumbral Lunar Eclipse will be visible.
For more information on eclipse visibility please check Plot of Penumbral Lunar Eclipse of January 10 & 11, 2020.
If Lunar Eclipse starts before midnight but ends after midnight i.e. it covers two different dates on Gregorian calendar then the chosen Eclipse Day is when maximum of Lunar Eclipse occurs. Hence Penumbral Phase as well as Umbral Phase might start before midnight i.e. on the previous day.
Moonrise and Moonset moments are corrected for Parallax and this correction gives better timings for the Eclipse sighting.
Unless Lunar Eclipse is visible to the naked eye, it is of no significance to Hindus and Hindus don't consider it for any religious activities. Penumbral Lunar Eclipses are not visible to the naked eye hence no rituals related to Chandra Grahan should be observed. If Lunar Eclipse is visible during Umbral Phase then only it should be considered for religious activities. Most Hindu Calendars don't list Penumbral Eclipses.
If Chandra Grahan is not visible in your city but it is visible some city near to that then you should not observe it. Precautions which are advised during Sutak should be taken only if Chandra Grahan is visible in your city. Chandra Grahan is considered even if the Moon is not visible due to cloudy weather or some other weather conditions.